Getting to know the Ahlul-Bait, family of Rasulullah SAW: Siti Fatimah Azzahra
By Ustaz Syed Hasan Alatas
Translation by Radzi Sapiee
Allah said in the Quran:
“Let us summon our children and your children, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves, then let us invoke Allah’s curse upon the liars.” (Verse of Aali 'Imran:61)
This Mubahalah verse (literally a challenge asking God to be the judge and executioner) was revealed to support the Quranic truth regarding the actual history of Prophet Jesus AS. It was revealed in the 10th year of the Hijriah calender after a number of Christians from Najran opposed and threw lies at Prophet Muhammad SAW for asserting the truth regarding Prophet Jesus AS. For example, Muslims are taught that Jesus was just another prophet while the Christians claimed he is the only son of God! Furthermore they said Jesus died on the cross to redeem the sins of mankind while there is no such notion in Islam. Jesus was actually lifted up to the heavens while the person who betrayed him was made to look like him and got caught. He was the one put on the cross and died.
Thus Allah Almighty commanded Prophet Muhammad SAW to tell the Christians, let us bring our respective families to a valley and then pray to God to settle the matter once and for all. Whoever are the liars would be cursed. The Prophet brought his closest family members, his daughter Fatimah Azzahra, son-in-law and first cousin Saidina Ali bin Abi Thalib and his grandsons al-Hassan and al-Hussain. Rasulullah SAW carried Saidina Hussain who was still a small child while holding the hand of Saidina Hassan who was slightly older. Behind him walked Siti Fatimah Azzahra and Saidina Ali as they headed towards the valley they have agreed upon.
However the Mubahalah did not happen as the Najran Christians later backed out. Impressed by the aura and presence of the Prophet’s family, they were afraid that a huge calamity would befell them should they decide to continue with the challenge.
Siti Fatimah Azzahra who is the youngest daughter of the Prophet grew up along with Islam as the religion faced many challenges, some of it very dire and life-threatening. She was born on Friday 20 Jumadil-akhir, five years before the Prophet was raised to the position of Rasul, a messenger of Allah SWT. At the time the native Meccan tribe of Quraish were busy repairing and rebuilding the Kaa’bah which has suffered extensive damages. Siti Fatimah the beloved daughter of Rasulullah SAW was known as Assidiqah (the trusthworthy woman), Athahirah (the pure woman), al-Mubarakah (the one blessed by Allah) and of course Fatimah Azzahra which means the blooming scented flower.
Millions of Muslims, the community of the Prophet SAW then named their daughters Fatimah. Siti Fatimah Azzahra was born and raised under the influence of the revelations received by his father Muhammad SAW. Siti Fatimah was born and raised in the midst of the holy family. Siti Fatimah Azzahra saw with her own eyes how extreme the opposition and hurdles her father has to face fighting for Islam.
It happened once the Prophet SAW was humiliated, cursed, in fact animal droppings smeared on him while he was prostrating in worship of Allah. The then still young Siti Fatimah cried as she woefully tried to clean the body of the Prophet from all the filth thrown by the Quraish.